Painful Conditions & amp; Diseases of the Knee
There are several knee diseases or conditions which can also contribute to chronic knee discomfort. These diseases often impact the soft tissues, joints, nerves and/or bones inside knee area. The most typical knee diseases as well as conditions include arthritis, arthritis-related cysts, bacterial infections, calcification and softening of vital cartilage. An overview of each of these ailments can be found below.
There are several types of arthritis, including genetic, degenerative and inflammatory. Innate arthritis includes both rheumatoid arthritis and gout. An individual with one of these conditions is genetically likely to be able to have chronic inflammation of the joint, which can be agonizing as well as limit movement. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and is degenerative in nature. The cartilage receives worn down over time due to repeat usage of the knee joint.
- Knee arthritis can be treated with an arthritis knee brace or, in very severe cases, knee replacement surgery.
- In some arthritis cases, the knee's puffiness can result in fluid building up in a cyst generally based in the back of the leg.
- These are often referred to ask Baker cysts.
- If the cyst becomes large and painful, you can have a physician drain the fluid, as well as use physical therapy and medication.
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Infection on the Knee Joint or Bone
Following a puncture wound, a bacterial virus can penetrate the knee location through the joint, bursa, bone or even skin and lead to an interior an infection in the knee joint or bone. While the knee may not encounter particular pain as the result of an infection, the individual may produce a fever, encounter chills in their body and a localized heat around the knee. Once diagnosed, these bacterial infections can be treated with a round of antibiotics.
Knee tumors are rare, but when they do appear they can slow down walking and cause pain. The best treatment for growth is surgical removal, but in a few extreme cases, it may also require calf amputation.
The collateral ligament located on the inside of the knee may calcify. This is usually seen in people who have had a significant MCL ligament injury in their past and is known as Pellegrini-Stieda syndrome. The calcification leads to swelling, but it can be treated successfully with continuous cold therapy, immobilization and rest. In some instances a cortisone shot can help.
Chrondromalacia is a condition characterized by the treatment of cartilage beneath patella (knee cap). It is most often seen in women, likely due to exactly how their hips distribute weight to their knees. When the cartilage softens, it can cause significant deep knee pain as well as stiffness. Most cases of Chrondromalacia are efficiently treated with anti-inflammatory medicine, strengthening exercises for the quads, sleep and cold therapy.
Knee Arthroscopy - Gout
Knee Arhroscopy on a knee with urate crystals. Gout is a medical condition usually characterized by recurrent attacks of acute inflammatory arthritis—a red, ...
Chris Dillon is President of MMAR Medical Group Inc., a wholesale medical supplier specializing in orthopedic braces including wrist and hand braces, cervical braces and a wide variety of arthritis and hinged knee braces.